Textile Printing

Screen Printing

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  • Screen printing is by far the most used technology today. Two types exist: rotary screen printing and flat (bed) screen printing. A blade (squeegee) squeezes the printing paste through openings in the screen onto the fabric.

  • Screen printing is a printing technique that uses a woven mesh to support an ink-blocking stencil to receive a desired image. The attached stencil forms open areas of mesh that transfer ink or other printable materials which can be pressed through the mesh as a sharp-edged image onto a substrate. A fill blade or squeegee is moved across the screen stencil, forcing or pumping ink through the mesh openings to wet the substrate during the squeegee stroke. Basically, it is the process of using a mesh-based stencil to apply ink onto a substrate, whether it be t-shirts, posters, stickers, vinyl, wood, or other material.

  • Screen printing is also a stencil method of print making in which a design is imposed on a screen of polyester or other fine mesh, with blank areas coated with an impermeable substance. Ink is forced into the mesh openings by the fill blade or squeegee and onto the printing surface during the squeegee stroke. As the screen rebounds away from the substrate the ink remains on the substrate. It is also known as silkscreen, serigraphy, and serigraph printing. One colour is printed at a time, so several screens can be used to produce a multicoloured image or design.. For more information: visit wikipedia

  • Screen printing is a multiple stage process:

    • Creating logos, artworks or designs

    • Create the Screens

    • Prepare and mix inks

    • Set up the screens on the machine

    • Application process

    • Drying Process

  • ColourTex-Design can Screen-Printing when printing onto light and dark coloured t-shirts, clothing and textile materials. Standard screens printed up to 35cm x 40cm (slightly bigger than A3). Jumbo screens can print up to A2 sized prints.

  • Print-screen technology is:

    • Highly Durable

    • Great economy of scale – the more you print the cheaper the price

    • Pantone matching

    •  Perfect for large quantity t-shirts runs, work-wear, promotional clothing, festivals, events, etc.

Embroidery

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  • Embroidery for polo shirts, t-shirts, hoodies, caps and lots more.

  • Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn. Embroidery may also incorporate other materials such as metal strips, pearls, beads, quills, and sequins. Embroidery is most often used on caps, hats, coats, blankets, dress shirts, denim, stockings, and golf shirts. Embroidery is available with a wide variety of thread or yarn colour.

  • An interesting characteristic of embroidery is that the basic techniques or stitches on surviving examples of the earliest embroidery—chain stitch, buttonhole or blanket stitch, running stitch, satin stitch, cross stitch—remain the fundamental techniques of hand embroidery today.

  • Much contemporary embroidery is stitched with a computerized embroidery machine using patterns "digitized" with embroidery software. In machine embroidery, different types of "fills" add texture and design to the finished work. Machine embroidery is used to add logos and monograms to business shirts or jackets, gifts, and team apparel as well as to decorate household linens, draperies, and decorator fabrics that mimic the elaborate hand embroidery of the past.

  • Embroidery produces a high quality brand appearance with a durable finish.

  • ColourTex-Design offers high quality embroidered services on our sports shirts, kids school uniforms, workwear, corporate clothing, hospitality clothing, and other need you have.

  • Our dedicated in-house embroidery team is ready to turn your detailed design into a remarkable badge, logo or crest for a wide variety of applications. Creating a digitised version of your logo or design it is then ready for production, your design can be applied to work-wear, school uniforms, sports clothing, baseball caps and a wide range of merchandise we manufacture. Our embroidery machines can accommodate logos or badges up to 12 inches in size and make light work of up to 25,000 stitches.

  • Embroidered clothes are a great way to establish a corporate identity for your business or club or staff uniforms.

  • Some designs may need slight modification before they can be embroidered. For example, small text below 4-5mm may need enlarging and designs with very fine detail may need simplifying to achieve the best finish.

  • Some designs may need slight modification before they can be embroidered. For example, small text below 4-5mm may need enlarging and designs with very fine detail may need simplifying to achieve the best finish.

  • Embroidery Logo/graphics Designs  (Digitisation):

  • Digitisation is the process of converting a text or graphic into a format that can be read by an embroidery machine. To create an embroidery design you need digitising software. This allows you to redraw a logo and separate the individual areas of colour so that it can be stitched by the embroidery machine. Software packages can vary from basic packages which are free to sophisticated commercial products ( cost thousand of £) which we successfully operate.

  • The choice of how embroidery is digitised is critical. A badly digitised embroidery design will look bad irrespective of how good the embroidery machine is. A logo digitised by someone that doesn’t understand the embroidery process will lead to higher costs to the embroiderer through thread breakages and reduced efficiency.

Transfer

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  • Heat Transfer printing is arguably the most popular choice for small businesses. The process involves heat transfer to press an existing photo or design on to a fabric. While it certainly isn’t as lasting as other methods, transfer printing is great for small quantities and is much faster than, say, screen printing.

    • Heat transfer provides a smooth feel when the fabric is produced. You’ll certainly notice the difference in texture, but it also has a tendency to crack more often. The machinery required is relatively small and a good option for small scaled production.

    • One of the most important things to remember with transfer printing is the restrictions of pressing on to coloured garments. In general, most forms of transfer printing will focus on white T-shirts. This is due to the problems which arise when you try to press certain colours on to darker garments. For example transferring yellow on to a blue garment would traditionally leave a greenish tone, for example.

    • Thankfully, there are now options available which cater for different coloured fabric printing.

  • Vinyl transfers are one of those additional options. Focused primarily on offering support for colour layering, vinyl pressing allows designers to use multiple colours and produce high quality final prints. The process is centred on embellishing a garment. To use it will require a vinyl cutter which allows you to cut out a logo or design from a specific sheet. The design is then pressed through usual heat transfer means. 

    The process isn’t really geared towards mass production, and is actually better suited for single print T-shirts. It’s a fairly new method, and not the cheapest, but the quality of output is high – perfect for lettering. Vinyl transfer print is suitable if you’re looking for a one-off print with distinct contrasting colours.

  • Sublimation is typically used to print on to light coloured synthetic surfaces. It’s the process of ink turning directly in to gas under heating, and this makes for a relatively improved output as opposed to traditional heat transfer printing. However due to the limited availability and demand for synthetic clothing I would advise caution when considering basing your T-shirt business on sublimation printing.

    • You'll find that T-shirts printed through sublimation don’t feel the same as transfer printed fabrics. This is because the toners used are applied below the surface of the substrate.

    • The major difference which separates sublimation printing lies in the way that the inks are sensitive to heat. To achieve the desired effect, special toners are used and a transfer sheet will be produced. This transfer sheet can be applied to a variety of different fabrics. However, if you’re going to use sublimation, you should restrict it to synthetic fabric such as polyester and acrylic. 

Digital textile printing or DTG

  • Digital textile printing often referred to as direct to garment printing, DTG printing, and digital garment printing is a process of printing on textiles and garments using specialized or modified inkjet technology. Inkjet printing on fabric is also possible with an inkjet printer by using fabric sheets with a removable paper backing. Today major inkjet technology manufacturers can offer specialized products designed for direct printing on textiles, not only for sampling but also for bulk production. Since the early 1990s, inkjet technology and specially developed water-based ink (known as dye-sublimation or disperse direct ink) has offered the possibility of printing directly onto polyester fabric. This is mainly related to visual communication in retail and brand promotion (flags, banners and other point of sales applications). Printing onto nylon and silk can be done by using an acid ink. Reactive ink is used for cellulose based fibers, such as cotton and linen. Using inkjet technology in digital textile printing allows for single pieces, mid-run production and even long-run alternatives to screen printed fabric.

  • Direct to Garment (DTG) digital t-shirt printing is the process of printing full colour images onto white or dark coloured garments. Using the latest printing technology a  full colour images onto a wide range of t-shirts, polo shirts, hoodies and other clothing.

  • Unlike Screen Printing which requires screens to be made up and inks to be mixed, Direct to Garment Printing is perfect for short runs of full colour prints on to a wide range of clothing at a reasonable price.

  • ColourTex-Design  have access to Direct to Garment Printing machinery and we can now produce printed t-shirts within just a few hours of receiving your correctly formatted artwork.